Andy Bagshaw is a physicist by training, having completed a PhD in Nuclear Physics at the University of Manchester in 1998. He went on to undertake postdoctoral positions at City University London, University College London (UCL), and the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI). It was at UCL and subsequently the MNI that he first worked on the development of brain imaging acquisition and analysis techniques, with a specific focus on their application to epilepsy. He has worked at the University of Birmingham since 2005, where he is Professor of Imaging Neuroscience and Co-Director of the Centre for Human Brain Health. He is also Chair of the Midlands Medical Imaging Network, co-Chair of the Birmingham Epilepsy Research Network, and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for Epilepsy Research UK.
Nearly all of the data we can acquire about the human brain needs to be non-invasive (e.g., MRI, electro- and magnetoencephalography (EEG/MEG)), placing some fundamental constraints on the spatiotemporal specificity of the data available. This points towards the need to develop multimodal techniques which can be used to offset the limitations of unimodal approaches. In particular, the combination of EEG and functional MRI has some unique spatiotemporal advantages. One of Andy’s main interests is the development of data fusion techniques for EEG-fMRI, particularly in the context of understanding changes in brain function associated with epilepsy and sleep, and using approaches from information theory, graph theory and fractal analysis as well as more conventional analytical methods. Through his work focused on the thalamus he is also particularly interested in developing understanding of macroscopic brain architecture and why the brain is arranged in the way that it is.