Finding suitable points for multivariate polynomial interpolation and approximation is a challenging task. Yet, despite this challenge, there has been tremendous research dedicated to this singular cause. In this paper, we begin by reviewing classical methods for finding suitable quadrature points for polynomial approximation in both the univariate and multivariate setting. Then, we categorize recent advances into those that propose a new sampling approach, and those centered on an optimization strategy. The sampling approaches yield a favorable discretization of the domain, while the optimization methods pick a subset of the discretized samples that minimize certain objectives. While not all strategies follow this two-stage approach, most do. Sampling techniques covered include subsampling quadratures, Christoffel, induced and Monte Carlo methods. Optimization methods discussed range from linear programming ideas and Newton’s method to greedy procedures from numerical linear algebra. Our exposition is aided by examples that implement some of the aforementioned strategies.
Seshadri P., Iaccarino G., Ghisu T. (2019) Quadrature Strategies for Constructing Polynomial Approximations. In: Canavero F. (eds) Uncertainty Modeling for Engineering Applications. PoliTO Springer Series. Springer, Cham