Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are typically highly nonlinear systems which are finely tuned via the optimization of their associated, non-convex loss functions. Typically, the gradient of any such loss function fails to be dissipative making the use of widely-accepted (stochastic) gradient descent methods problematic. We offer a new learning algorithm based on an appropriately constructed variant of the popular stochastic gradient Langevin dynamics (SGLD), which is called tamed unadjusted stochastic Langevin algorithm (TUSLA). We also provide a nonasymptotic analysis of the new algorithm's convergence properties in the context of non-convex learning problems with the use of ANNs. Thus, we provide finite-time guarantees for TUSLA to find approximate minimizers of both empirical and population risks. The roots of the TUSLA algorithm are based on the taming technology for diffusion processes with superlinear coefficients as developed in Sabanis (2013, 2016) and for MCMC algorithms in Brosse et al. (2019). Numerical experiments are presented which confirm the theoretical findings and illustrate the need for the use of the new algorithm in comparison to vanilla SGLD within the framework of ANNs.
Taming neural networks with TUSLA : Non-convex learning via adaptive stochastic gradient Langevin algorithms.
Lovas, Attila; Lytras, Iosif; Rásonyi, Miklós; Sabanis, Sotirios. arXiv:2006.14514 [cs.LG]